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Pursuit of Truth
作者 Willard V Quine
出版社 Harvard University Press
ISBN 9780674739512
分類 Philosophy > Western Philosophy
價格 HK$304.00
 
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In Pursuit of Truth W. V. Quine gives us his latest word on issues to which he has devoted many years. As he says in the preface: "In these pages I have undertaken to update, sum up, and clarify my variously intersecting views on cognitive meaning, objective reference, and the grounds of knowledge?'The pursuit of truth is a quest that links observation, theory, and the world. Various faulty efforts to forge such links have led to much intellectual confusion. Quine's efforts to get beyond the confusion begin by rejecting the very idea of binding together word and thing, rejecting the focus on the isolated word. For him, observation sentences and theoretical sentences are the alpha and omega ofthe scientific enterprise. Notions like "idea" and "meaning" are vague, but a sentence-now there's something you can sink your teeth into.

Starting thus with sentences, Quine sketches an epistemological setting for the pursuit of truth. He proceeds to show how reification and reference contribute to the elaborate structure that can indeed relate science to its sensory evidence.In this book Quine both summarizes and moves ahead. Rich, lively chapters dissect his major concerns-evidence, reference, meaning, intension, and truth. "Some points;' he writes, "have become clearer in my mind in the eight years since Theories and Things. Some that were already clear in my mind have become clearer on paper. And there are some that have meanwhile undergone substantive change for the better." This is a key book for understanding the effort that a major philosopher has made a large part of his life's work: to naturalize epistemology in the twentieth century. The book is concise and elegantly written, as one would expect, and does not assume the reader's previous acquaintance with Quine's writings. Throughout, it is marked by Quine's wit and economy of style.


About the Author:

W. V. Quine was Edgar Pierce Professor of Philosophy, Harvard University. He wrote twenty-one books, thirteen of them published by Harvard University Press.


PART 1: EVIDENCE
1. Stimulation and prediction
2. Observation sentences
3. Theory-laden?
4. Observation categoricals
5. Test and refutation
6. Holism
7. Empirical content
8. Norms and aims

PART 2: REFERENCE
9. Bodies
10. Values of variables
11. Utility of reification
12. Indifference of ontology
13. Ontology defused

PART 3: MEANING
14. The field linguist's entering wedge
15. Stimulation again
16. To each his own
17. Translation resumed
18. Indeterminacy of translation
19. Syntax
20. Indeterminacy of reference
21. Whither meanings?
22. Domestic meaning
23. Lexicography

PART 4: INTENSION
24. Perception and observation sentences
25. Perception extended
26. Perception of things
27. Belief and perception
28. Propositional attitudes
29. Anomalous monism
30. Modalities
31. A mentalistic heritage

PART 5: TRUTH
32. Vehicles of truth
33. Truth as disquotation
34. Paradox
35. Tarski's construction
36. Paradox skirted
37. Interlocked hierarchies
38. Excluded middle
39. Truth versus warranted belief
40. Truth in mathematics
41. Equivalent theories
42. Irresoluble rivalry
43. Two indeterminacies

References

Credits

Index


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